The Armenian National Philharmonic Orchestra (ANPO) was founded in 1925 as the symphony orchestra of the Yerevan Conservatory. In October 2000 Eduard Topchjan was appointed the orchestra’s artistic director and principal conductor, a post which had previously been held by conductors such as Ruben Vartanyan, David Khanjian, Valery Gergiev and Loris Tjeknavorian. Over the years the orchestra has performed widely from the classical repertoire, as well as premièring new works and giving concert performances of operas. Many leading conductors and soloists have appeared with the orchestra, including Kurt Masur, Franz Konwitschny, David Oistrakh, Sviatoslav Richter, Mstislav Rostropovich, Steven Isserlis, Vasily Petrenko, Emmanuel Pahud, Giovanni Giacomini, François-Joel Thiollier and Peter Oundjian. Among the composers who have conducted their own music with the orchestra are Khachaturian and Penderecki. The Armenian National Philharmonic Orchestra is featured on numerous recordings. The ANPO is committed to promoting cultural and musical awareness among the local audience as well as serving as an ambassador of Armenian music worldwide. Touring regularly, the ANPO has performed across Europe and in North America, the Middle East and Asia.